Romblon /rɒmˈbloʊn/ rom-BLOHN, (Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Romblon), is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region. It lies south of Marinduque and Quezon, east of Mindoro, north of Aklan and Capiz, and west of Masbate. Its capital is also named Romblon.
Geography and climate
Approximately 187 nautical miles (346 km) south of Manila, the islands of Romblon lie on Sibuyan Sea, south of Marinduque Island and north of Panay Island. To the east is the island of Masbate and in the west, the island of Mindoro. The province is composed of three major islands: Romblon, where the capital city of Romblon is located, Tablas, the largest island in the province, and Sibuyan, the easternmost island. There are also four smaller island municipalities: Banton Island, Simara Island, Maestro de Campo Island, and Carabao Island.
Most of Romblon’s islands have a mountainous and rugged topography, and are of volcanic origin. The highest elevation in the province is Mount Guiting-Guiting in Sibuyan, which stands at 2,058 m. The peak boasts one of the most challenging climbs in the country due to its jagged summit. Due to its geography, the province is endowed with lush vegetation and mineral resources. The fertile soil nurtures various agricultural activities. Being an archipelago, its coasts are dotted with numerous fine, white sand beaches such as in Carabao Island and Cresta del Gallo. Offshore, Romblon is a rich fishing ground. The islands lie on the migratory path of fishes from the Sulu and Visayan Seas, passing the Tablas Strait, Sibuyan Sea and Romblon Pass.
Romblon does not have a truly pronounced wet or dry season though the heaviest rainfall occurs from September to January. The driest months are March and April which are the best months to visit the province. 27° Celsius is the annual mean temperature, with February being the coldest month with temperatures dropping to 20°C, and May being the warmest month wherein temperatures could reach 35°C. Southwest monsoon winds or Habagat pass through the province from June to October while northeasterly winds or Amihan blows through the islands from December to February.
The National Statistics Office (NSO) is the major statistical agency responsible in collecting, compiling, classifying, producing, publishing, and disseminating general-purpose statistics as provided for in Commonwealth Act (CA) No. 591. NSO has also the responsibility of carrying out and administering the provisions of the Civil Registry Law as provided for in Act No. 3753 dated February 1931. More specifically, the NSO is tasked to:
- Prepare for and undertake all censuses on population, agriculture, commerce, and industry (Section 2, C.A. 591; Section 1, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72);
- Conduct statistical surveys by enumeration, sampling, and other methods (Section 2, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72);
- Compile and classify other statistical data and information (Section 2, C.A. 591);
- Conduct social and economic studies and make projections of population, agricultural production, income, and the number of livestock (Section 2, C.A. 591);
- Publish and disseminate all information related to the aforementioned functions (Section 2, C.A. 591);
- Assist the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), formerly the Statistical Advisory Board of the National Economic and Development Authority, in the formulation of a continuing comprehensive statistical program for the government (Section 5, Presidential Decree 418);
- Provide technical assistance and support to projects of other statistical agencies and institutions (Section 5, P.D. 418);
- Carry out and administer the provisions of Act. No. 3753, entitled “An Act to establish a Civil Register” (Section 2, C.A. 591) and other laws on civil registration; and
- Issue authorization to solemnizing officers in accordance with the provisions of Article 7 of the Family Code of the Philippines (Executive Order No. 209 effective August 3, 1988).
The National Statistics Office (NSO) was first called Bureau of the Census and Statistics (BCS) when Commonwealth Act (C.A.) No. 591 was approved on August 19, 1940.
Executive Order No. 314 transferred to the BCS the powers, functions, duties, personnel, appropriations, property and records of other statistical agencies effective January I, 1941. Among these were the functions of the Division of Labor and Statistics of the Department of Labor and of the Section of Vital Statistics of the Bureau of Health, Department of Instruction.
Also transferred to the BCS were positions and employees of the following agencies:
- Division of Statistics of the Department of Agriculture and Commerce;
- Statistical Division of the Bureau of Customs;
- General Civil Registry Division of the National Library;
- Division of Labor Statistics of the Department of labor; and
- Section of the Vital Statistics of the Bureau of Health.
Presedential Decree No. 418 issued on March 20, 1974 reconstituted the BCS into a new agency known as the National Census and Statistics Office (NCSO) under the administrative supervision of the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA).
In 1987, by virtue of Executive Order No. 121 entitled “Reorganizing and Strengthening the Philippine Statistical System and for Other Purposes,” the NCSO as renamed National Statistics Office was placed under the Office of the President.
Executive Order No. 149 dated December 28, 1993 was issued by the Office of the President entitled “Streamlining of the Office of the President“.By virtue of this order, the NSO was placed again under the administrative supervision of the NEDA for effective policy and program coordination and integration.
Executive Order No. 5 dated October 23, 1999 was issued by the Office of the President entitled “Strengthening the National Statistics Office” through decentralization of statistics generation activities, transformation of Central Office units into more developmental planning and evaluation units, and increased application of information technology in its operations.
As the primary statistical agency of the government, the National Statistics Office produces and provides quality statistical and civil registration products and services.
The National Statistics Office is a recognized world-class provider of statistical and civil registration products and services.
We are committed to meet the expectations of our clientele for prompt, reliable and efficient services.
We recognize the value of our human resources and continue to promote their general welfare and well-being.
In harmony, we strive for higher productivity – inspiring creativity and innovativeness.
We instill discipline and uphold integrity as an imperative in our transactions.
We value professionalism and aim for excellence in our products and services
Humbly, we seek the guidance of our Divine Providence in all our undertakings.